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Alexei Anatolievich Navalny

Alexei Anatolievich NavalnyNavalny

Alexander Ryhoravich Lukashenko


  • President of Belarus
  • Degree in History and Economics
  • Place of birth: Kopy
  • Date of birth: August 30, 1954

His infamous title "Europe's last dictator" shows the kind of reputation Lukashenko has. For almost 20 years, he has ruled Belarus with an iron fist, whereby his greatest strength is the weakness and fragmentation of the opposition. By Stefan Bernhardt

Before his political career in the '90s, Lukashenko was active in the Soviet Army and in agriculture. In 1990, he was elected to the Supreme Soviet Council of Belarus, where he voted as the only Belarusian deputy against the agreement for the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the establishment of the Commonwealth of Independent States in 1991. As chairman of the Anti-Corruption Council, he finally gained in 1993 a reputation as corruption fighter.

In the same year he accused, among others, Stanislaw Shushkevich, the former parliamentary speaker and acting president of Belarus, of corruption. Shushkevich lost the ensuing vote of confidence, which weakened him politically for the presidential elections in 1994.

Instead, Lukashenko gained the victory with 45.1 percent in the first round, in the second round he finally won with 80.1 percent. Lukashenko used his presidency to expand his own influence. Just two years later, a referendum extended his presidential powers. In the West, it caused political outrage, as both the result and the legitimacy of the referendum have been challenged. In 2001, a constitutional amendment again, in favor of the President, lifted the restriction of two terms in office.

The repression against the opposition or critical thinkers continued to increase and isolated the country: people disappear in prisons, use of physical force, the obstruction of political opponents and election frauds. Despite recurring protests against Lukashenko, his political power seems yet to be incontestable. The opposition in Belarus is one of Lukashenko's strengths because they are not able to endanger his power due to their weak backing in the population and their fragmentation.


  • 1975-1977: Served in the Border Guard
  • 1980-1982: Officer of the 120th Motorized Rifle Guard Division of the Soviet Army
  • 1982-1985: Deputy Chairman of a collective farm
  • 1985: Secretary of the Shklov regional Kolkhoz Committee
  • 1987-1994: Director of the Gorodets cooperative farm in the Shklov region
  • 1990: Elected to the Belarusian Supreme Soviet
  • 1993: Chairman of the Anti-Corruption Committee of the Belarusian parliament
  • 1994: First elected president of Belarus with 45.1 percent of the vote in the first round and 80.1 percent in the second round
  • 2001: Re-elected with 75.65 percent of the votes
  • 2006: Re-elected with 93.5 percent of the votes, Lukashenko had announced 86 percent
  • 2010: Re-elected with 79.67 percent of the votes


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Picture (source):  Presidencia de la Rep├║blica del Ecuador / Creative Commons License