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Alexei Leonidovich Kudrin

Alexei Leonidovich KudrinKudrin

PORTRAITS
Giorgi Margvelashvili
 

Margvelashvili

  • President of Georgia
  • Degree and PhD in Philosophy
  • Place of birth: Tbilisi
  • Date of birth: September 4, 1969

Michail Saakashvili is gone and the office of the President is reformed in favor of the Prime Minister. But Margvelashvili’s election victory is not only for the philosopher the most important moment of his career but also for Georgia. Yet he is more of an unknown person. By Stefan Bernhardt

Margvelashvili activities as a politician started in 2012 in Bidzina Ivanishvili’s party Georgian Dream. Previously, he was rector of the Georgian Institute of Public Affairs. Thanks to the victory of Ivanishvili’s Georgian Dream in the parliamentary elections in October 2012, Margvelashvili’s political career made great progress within a very short time. In the new cabinet, he was appointed Minister of Education and Science; in February 2013 already, Prime Minister Ivanishvili appointed him First Deputy Prime Minister.

A few months later, he was able to secure the position of the presidential candidate for the Georgian Dream. After he was put up for election by his party in May 2013, he resigned from his ministerial post in July in order to avoid the possible accusation that he used his ministry’s funds for his presidential campaign. His policies on the campaign trail are, in principal, a continuation of those already represented by the party Georgian Dream in the parliamentary elections of 2012: better economic living conditions as well as a balanced foreign policy between Moscow and the West.

However, his new position as President poses a major challenge to him, not only because he entered the presidential campaign as an almost unknown but also because of the new political realities. Before the parliamentary elections in 2012, Saakashvili changed, together with his party, the Constitution so that the balance of power is shifted in favor of the Prime Minister, effectively making the Prime Minister the country’s actual ruler. This will come into effect after the presidential elections of 2013. Whether Margvelashvili can distinguish himself as a President independent of Ivanishvili or whether he becomes a mere appendage of the Prime Minister, will be shown during his presidency.

Biography

  • 1992: Degree in philosophy at the State University of Tbilisi
  • 1993 - 1994: Post-graduate education at the Central European University in Budapest at the Institute of Philosophy
  • 1993 - 1996: Post -graduate education at the Georgian Academy of Sciences
  • 1998: Awarded PhD of Philosophy at the State University of Tbilisi
  • 2000 - 2006: Rector of the Georgian Institute of Public Affairs
  • 2003: Accession to the opposition electoral bloc Burjanadze-Democrats
  • 2006 - 2010: Head of the research department of the Georgian Institute of Public Affairs
  • 2008: Board member of Burjanadze’s think tank Foundation for Democracy and Development
  • 2010 - 2012: Rector again at the Georgian Institute of Public Affairsn
  • 2012: Publicly supported Ivanishvili’s party Georgian Dream
  • 2012 (October): Appointed Minister of Education and Science
  • 2013 (February): Appointed First Deputy Prime Minister
  • 2013 (May): Appointment as presidential candidate of the party Georgian Dream
  • 2013 (July): Resignation as Minister of Education and Science
  • 2013 (October): Elected President of Georgia

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