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Boris Efimovich Nemtsov

Boris Efimovich NemtsovNemtsov

PORTRAITS
Mikhail Saakashvili
 

Mikhail Saakashvili

  • Ukrainian Governor and
    former President of Georgia
  • Degree in law
  • Place of birth: Tbilisi
  • Date of birth: December 21, 1967


Saakashvili has shaped Georgia since the Rose Revolution 2003, both for the better and for the worse. In 2013, his presidency will reach an end due to constitutional limit. His supporters see him as the savior of Georgia, while his opponents as a power-hungry populist. By Stefan Bernhardt

"Misha," as his followers call him, began his political career in Georgia under former President Eduard Shevardnadze. As a member of Shevardnadze's party Georgian Citizens Union, he was elected to the Georgian Parliament in 1995. From 2000 to 2001 he was Minister of Justice. However, he resigned from this position and left the Georgian Citizens Union after he accused government and high-ranking officials of corruption, but no further actions were taken by the government in response to his accusation. His supporters see this as a confirmation of his role as a corruption fighter; however, his critics as a failed attempt to win power.

After resigning from the government, Saakashvili founded his own party, the United National Movement. During the Rose Revolution of 2003, which took place in the aftermath of the manipulated elections in favor of Shevardnadze┬┤s Georgian Citizens Union, he was one of their main spokesmen. After the opposition had stormed the first meeting of the newly elected parliament, President Shevardnadze resigned. In the new parliamentary and presidential elections in 2004, Saakashvili was elected President and his party, the United National Movement, dominated the parliament ever since.

Saakashvili has been acclaimed for the restoration of internal security, his fight against corruption, and his pro-Western foreign policy. His aggressive stance towards the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia deteriorated the relationship with them as well as with Russia, which led to a war with Russia in 2008. Domestically, he suppressed the opposition and used violence against demonstrations. Nevertheless, he achieved the first peaceful transition of power in Georgia by accepting the defeat in the parliamentary elections 2012, with that he has no chance of a high government official after his presidency in 2013.

Biography

  • 1995: Worked at Patterson, Belknap, Webb & Tyler in New York
  • 1995: Elected to the Georgian parliament for the party Georgian Citizens Union
  • 2000: Became vice president of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
  • 2000 - 2001: Minister of Justice, Saakashvili pushed through major reforms and accused cabinet ministers of corruption. He resigned in 2001 and quit the Georgian Citizens Union.
  • 2001: Founded the party United National Movement
  • 2002: Elected chairman of the Tbilisi City Council
  • 2003: Rose Revolution led by Saakashvili and Zurab Zhvania after vote-rigging in the parliamentary elections in favor of Shevardnase's Georgian Citizens Union
  • 2004: Elected president with 96 percent of the vote
  • 2004: United National Movement wins the parliamentary election with 67 percent of the vote
  • 2008: Re-elected president with 53.5 percent of the vote
  • 2008: The United National Movement won the parliamentary elections with 59.18 percent
  • 2008: Russian-Georgian War
  • 2012: United National Movement lost the parliamentary elections with 40.34 percent against Bidzina Ivanishvili's party Georgian Dream with 54.97 percent
  • 2015: Appointed Governor of Odessa Oblast

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