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Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev

Mikhail Sergeyevich GorbachevGorbachev

Boris Efimovich Nemtsov


  • Russian opposition member
  • Degree in radiophysics and PhD in physics and
  • Place of birth: Sochi
  • Date of birth: October 09, 1959

In the 1990s he was Russia’s youngest governor, one of Putin’s first adversaries, and continues to be an advocate of privatization and market economy. Nemtsov has experienced political hardship. He is a politician that should never be written off. By Stefan Bernhardt

In 1997, Nemtsov was a potential successor to Yeltsin, who received considerable popular support, approaching 50 percent in opinion polls. Following his 1998 resignation from deputy prime minister because of the financial crisis, he founded a new liberal party, the Union of the Right Forces, in 1999. After the successful Duma Elections that year featuring party gains of 8.6 percent of the votes followed intra-party strife between Nemtsov and Anatoly Chubais. The latter advised a conciliatory attitude towards the Kremlin and therefore clashed with the Putin-opposed Nemtsov. Both were in the party leadership, causing confusion in the party’s political direction, leading to an election debacle at the 2003 Duma Elections, where the party only won three direct mandates.

After he withdrew from the position as party leader of the Union of the Right Forces in January 2004, Nemtsov brought several organizations into being. In 2008 he was co-founder of Solidarnost and in 2010 he once again founded a liberal-democratic party, the People’s Freedom Party. Solidarnost was intended to serve as a fortification for members of the opposition against the continued dominance of the Kremlin. The People’s Freedom Party he founded alongside politician Vladimir Ryzhkov in order to run for the State Duma Elections in 2011. The party, however, was unable to register. No matter the number of accusations of corruption leveled against him or the amout of intra-party strife, he is a political acrobat whose continued presence may be counted on.

Nemtsov was assassinated on February 27, 2015 in Moscow.


  • 1981 - 1990: Researcher at the Gorky Radiophysics Research Institute
  • 1990: Elected to the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies of today´s Nizhny Novgorod Region
  • 1991 - 1995: Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod Region, appointed by Boris Yeltsin
  • 1993: Elected to the Federation Council
  • 1995 - 1997: Elected Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod Region
  • 1997 - 1998: First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation in charged with reforming the energy sector
  • 1999: Co-founded the liberal-democratic Union of Right Forces
  • 1999 - 2003: Elected to the State Duma with the party Union of Right Forces, becoming its deputy speaker
  • 2000 - 2004: Party leader of the Union of Right Forces
  • 2004: Co-founded the Commitee 2008
  • 2005 - 2006: Economic adviser to Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko
  • 2008: Co-founded the movement Solidarnost
  • 2010: Co-founded the People´s Freedom Party
  • 2015: On February 27 assassinated in Moscow


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Portrait (source): Original by Лена Лебедева-Хоофт, edited by Microchip08 / Creative Commons License