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- President of the Russian Federation
- Degree in law and PhD in economics
- Place of birth: Leningrad
- Date of birth: October 07, 1952
His election in 2000, made him only the second President of the Russian Federation. While his image is negative in the West, Vladimir Putin is one of the most popular politicians in Russia, yet he is not without controversy. He was Boris Yeltsin’s successor yet ousted the Yeltsin clan from power in order to rearrange Russia. By Stefan Bernhardt
Putin began his political career after his time in the KGB in the 1990s by working for the Mayor Antoly Sobtchak in Saint Petersburg. After Sobtchak lost the major elections, Putin transferred into the Presidential Executive Office as Deputy Chief of the Russian President's Business Administration Department. His career progressed rapidly from then on with each passing year. In May 1998, he was already First Deputy Chief of the Presidential Executive Office before he became Director of the Interior Intelligence FSB in July 1998. He was appointed Prime Minister in August 1999 in order to take office as Acting President in December 1999. Finally, the Russian citizens elected him for the first time as president in March 2000.
Putin was originally the successor of Boris Yeltsin. The extant Yeltsin clan, constituted of the Yeltsin’s daughter Tatiana Diyachenko and Boris Berezovsky as leading figures and other oligarchs and politicians, guaranteed the continuing exploitation of the country. Putin’s presidency transformed instead into a revolution of the elite which ousted the Yeltsin clan from power. On one hand, the family of Yeltsin was not prosecuted, but on the other hand, they were expelled from power. Oligarchs like Berezovski and Vladimir Gusinsky, who owned the biggest TV channels, had to cede their companies like Aeroflot. Afterwards they left the country. Putin rearranged political relations and remade Russia from then onward.
- 1975 - 1990: Worked for the KGB
- 1985 - 1990: Worked for the KGB in Dresden, East Germany
- 1990: Released into the KGB-reserve, Assistant Rector of Leningrad State University for international affairs, later adviser to the Leningrad Mayor Anatoly Sobchak
- 1991 - 1996: Chairman of the Saint Petersburg City Hall’s Committee for External Affairs
- 1994 - 1996: First Deputy Mayor of Saint Petersburg
- 1996 - 1997: Deputy Chief of the Russian President's Business Administration Department
- 1997 - 1998: Deputy Chief of the Presidential Executive Office, Chief of the President's Main Control Department
- 1998 (May - July): First Deputy Chief of the Presidential Executive Office
- 1998 - 1999: Director of the Federal Security Service (FSB)
- 1999: Secretary of the Russian Security Council
- 1999 (August - December): Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
- 2000 (January - March): Acting President of the Russian Federation
- 2000 - 2004: Elected President of the Russian Federation
- 2004 - 2008: Re-elected as President of the Russian Federation
- 2008 - 2012: Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
- 2012 - present: President of the Russian Federation