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- President of Tajikistan
- Degree in Economics
- Place of birth: Dangara
- Date of birth: October 05, 1952
He has governed the small Central Asian state of Tajikistan since 1994. Although the country had lived through a bloody civil war in the 1990s, this war did not manage to threaten Rahmon’s iron rule. His terms in office, marked by human rights abuses and corruption, have made him a controversial figure both at home and abroad. By Roy Yu
During a time of great political turmoil in the Soviet Union, in 1990, Rahmon became a deputy in the Supreme Council of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1992, a great civil war broke out between various groups and the Russian-supported current ruling bloc of Rahmon. Despite the onset of this war, Rahmon was democratically elected as the first president of this post-Soviet Central Asian state in 1994. The civil war continued, however, until June 1997, when an armistice was signed between the two warring factions. Over the course of the civil war, Rahmon had survived numerous assassination attempts and his government, an attempted coup d’état.
In November 1999, Rahmon was elected for a second term in office. This term, in adherence to the new changes to the Tajik Constitution, lasted seven years. In June 2003, a referendum was held and passed that allowed Rahmon to serve two more consecutive terms. The last election in November 2006 granted Rahmon a third term, but this election was widely criticized both at home and abroad for being rigged and unfair.
His 19 years of presidency have been marked by human rights abuses and corruption. Rahmon runs the country’s economy for his own and his family’s profit. As the recent financial recession has hit the wealthier neighbouring countries, such as Russia and Kazakhstan, many Tajik workers were forced to return to their poverty-struck homes. If reelected in late 2013, Rahmon could potentially serve until 2021, making him a de facto dictator of Tajikistan.
- 1971-1974: Served in the Soviet Armed Forces
- 1974-1976: Chairman of the state farms in Dangara District
- 1976-1988: Chairman of the Union Committee of Collective Farms in Dangara Distrcit
- 1990-1992: Deputy in the Supreme Council of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
- 1992-1994: Head of government of Supreme Council of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
- 1994-present: President of Tajikstan