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Boris Efimovich Nemtsov

Boris Efimovich NemtsovNemtsov

Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych


  • Former President of Ukraine
  • Degree in Mechanical Engineering and
    in International Law
  • Place of birth: Yenakiyeve
  • Date of birth: July 09, 1950

A villain during the Orange Revolution that once put Ukraine onto the road towards democratization. After years of political struggle, Yanukovych emerged as the President of the country after the 2010 Presidential Election. By Roy Yu

Born into a poor family in the Donetsk region in eastern Ukraine, Yanukovych had a troubled childhood. Starting his career as a transport director in the Soviet Union’s coal-mining industry, he quickly entered the local administration. In 1997, from a local official, he became Governor of the Donetsk region, the economic powerhouse of the country and home to more than three million people. In November 2002, former President Leonid Kuchma appointed him Prime Minister.

In the 2004 Presidential Election, Yanukovych became Kuchma’s personal favorite as his successor. As this election escalated into the Orange Revolution, he lost his support in light of his crimes and scandals. In the subsequent 2010 Presidential Election he became the new President – with a 3.48 percent lead over Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko. His inauguration marked the apogee of Yanukovych’s political comeback.

His term in office has been marked by a series of scandals and controversies: During the first days of his presidency, he succeeded to oust the second Tymoshenko government. Furthermore, with several charges his main political opponent Tymoshenko was put in jail. Yanukovych has taken several steps towards the rapprochement with the Russian government, for example, by extending Russian lease on naval facilities in Crimea. Along with this rapprochement, he has taken several major steps backs in Ukraine’s effort for European membership and NATO cooperation. Furthermore, EURO 2012 became the catalyst that revealed human rights violations in the country, notably on political prisoners such as Tymoshenko. His term ended in February 2014 after the protests against the government escalated with many dead. After a compromise with the opposition, the Ukrainian parliament ended the presidency of Yanukovych on February 22, 2014. After that, he was on the run and the interim government issued an arrest against him for mass murder.


  • 1970s: Electrician in a local bus company
  • 1980s-1990s: Worked in the transportation industry in eastern Ukraine and entered local politics
  • 1997-2002: Governor of Donetsk region
  • 2002-2004: Prime Minister of Ukraine under Kuchma
  • 2004 (November): Won the first run-off, after protests because of election fraud the Supreme Court anul the run-off
  • 2004 (December): Loose the repetition of the run-off against Viktor Yushchenko
  • 2006-2007: Prime Minister of Ukraine under Yushchenko
  • 2010 (February): Elected as President of Ukraine
  • 2014 (February): The Ukrainian parliament ended his presidency, after that on the run and wanted with warrant because of mass murder


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