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Mikhail Saakashvili

Mikhail SaakashviliSaakashvili

PORTRAITS
Yulia Vladimirovna Tymoshenko
 

Tymoshenko

  • Ukrainian opposition politician
  • Degree in economic cybernetic and PhD in economics
  • Place of birth: Dnipropetrovsk
  • Date of birth: November 27, 1960

Successful business woman, icon of the Orange Revolution, prime minister and detained opposition leader, Yulia Tymoshenko combines many facets. While she is seen in the West as glamorous revolutionary leader, she is seen by the Ukrainian citizens in a more differentiated view. By Stefan Bernhardt

Tymoshenko no longer has to work. She became a dollar multimillionaire with her video- and gas business from the 1990s. In 2007, her assets are suspected to have amounted to about several hundred million dollars. She received her nickname "Gas Princess" as president of the energy company United Energy Systems of Ukraine from 1995 to 1997. This company bought Russian gas and sold it in Ukraine. In 1998, her company was broken up and investigations were brought against her that led to no result.

Her political career began in 1996, as a member of the Ukrainian parliament, the Verkhovna Rada. Under then-President Leonid Kuchma in 1999, she managed to get into the government as deputy prime minister responsible for fuel and energy. Her efforts to restructure the energy sector provided for a lot of anger in politics and business. This led to her expulsion from the government in 2001 and, ultimately, to a break with Kuchma. Since then, she has been calling for his resignation.

In 2001, she founded her own party alliance, the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc. She also supported Viktor Yushchenko in the 2004 presidential elections against Kuchma's preferred successor, Viktor Yanukovych. As a result of election frauds in favor of Yanukovych, she made herself into an icon of the Orange Revolution which she co-led with Yushchenko. Despite the successful revolution, there was a break a few months later in the Orange Camp. The power struggles among Yushchenko, Tymoshenko and Yanukovich plunged the country into politically chaotic times.

Tymoshenko also entered into alliances of convenience with Yanukovych to realize her interests. But she did not manage to prevail in parliamentary and presidential elections against him. After Yanukovych won the 2010 Ukrainian presidential elections, she was sentenced in October 2011 to seven years in prison because of an unfavorable gas contract with Russia. A politically motivated judgment, with the consequence of an uncertain future for Tymoshenko is now accompanied by poor living conditions and health consequences. With the end of the protests and the ousting of President Yanukovych, Tymoshenko was released from prison on February 22, 2014 . In the election in May 2014, she will be one of the presidential candidates.

Biography

  • 1989: Started her first family business, a video rental shop in Dnipropetrovsk
  • 1991: CEO of Ukrajinskyj bensin
  • 1995 - 1997: President of United Energy Systems of Ukraine
  • 1996: Became a member of the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's parliament, representing the Bobrinsky district in the Kirovograd region
  • 1998: Re-elected to the Verkhovna Rada on the Hromada party list. Shortly thereafter, she became chairwoman of the Budget Committee.
  • 1999: Became a leader of All-Ukrainian Union Fatherland party
  • 1999 - 2001: Deputy Prime Minister, in charge of fuel and energy
  • 2000: Officially left parliament
  • 2001 (January): Ousted from the Cabinet and returned to the Verkhovna Rada as deputy
  • 2001 (November): Founded the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc; Remained head of All-Ukrainian Union Fatherland party
  • 2002: The Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc received 7.2 percent of the vote in parliamentary elections
  • 2004: Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc and Viktor Yushchenko Bloc Our Ukraine announced the creation of the People's Power coalition to support Yushchenko's presidential candidacy during October presidential elections
  • 2004 (September): Russian prosecutors dusted off an old case and demanded Tymoshenko extradition on charges of bribing Russian Defense Ministry officials in 1996; Again, Tymoshenko said the charges were politically motivated to discredit the opposition
  • 2004 (November): Co-led the Orange Revolution, she was dubbed the "Princess of the Orange Revolution", which secured the victory of Viktor Yushchenko
  • 2005 (January - September): Prime Minister. Plagued by conflicts within the Orange coalition, she was dismissed by President Yushchenko
  • 2007 - 2010: Prime Minister; Her second tenure was marked by continued political squabbling and a worsening economic crisis
  • 2010 (February): Lost presidential election to Viktor Yanukovych
  • 2010 (December): Charged with misusing state funds raised by selling carbon emission rights during her tenure as prime minister; Tymoshenko dismissed the charge as politically motivated
  • 2011 (May): Charged with abuse of office for signing a gas import contract with Russia at prices that officials say were too high;Tymoshenko says she is a victim of political repression
  • 2011 (October): Sentenced to seven years in prison
  • 2014 (February): Released from prison

Interesting

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Portrait (source): European People's Party / Creative Commons License